Theory: Final Fantasy XIII is the Best in the Series

As a lawyer, I actually enjoy the occasional heated debate. Let’s start one! 😉

Final Fantasy XIII is the best Final Fantasy, because it’s the only one that lays out its challenges in a fair, satisfying way. In most Final Fantasies, the designers commit the unpardonable sin of @#$%ing the player just to demonstrate that they can—and the games are worse for it. Whatever problems it may have, Final Fantasy XIII at least refrains from lording it over the player.

Tom “Zileas” Cadwell, Riot Games’ VP of Game Design, has listed among his “basic design ‘anti-patterns’” the situation where the designers “straight up screw over the player, usually with dramatic flair, or maybe just try to make the player feel crappy in a way that isn’t contributing to the fun of the game.” He cites as a “[v]ery [s]evere” example a puzzle that the player can only solve by reading the designer’s mind, and that has painful consequences for failure. Designers who intentionally put this sort of thing into a game, Cadwell says, should be fired.

The vast majority of Final Fantasy games feature one of these puzzles that require mind-reading. They allow players to make progress . . . until they reach a point near the end of the game where there’s a dramatic increase in difficulty. It’s not possible to know in advance where that point is, or even to be sure that it’s coming; the quantum leap in challenge is signaled only by the death of the player’s adventurers in a completely lopsided battle.

What’s more, the penalty for losing that battle is substantial. First, the player loses some of her progress. Final Fantasy games don’t, as a rule, allow quicksaving; the best a player can hope for is that there was a save point not too long before the wipeout.

Second, and more critically, the only way to move forward is to seek out random fights for ten hours, or tens of hours—however long it takes the adventurers to build up enough strength, skill, and stamina to win through. Note that there’s no straightforward indication of how much of them is needed, so a player might have to lose the puzzle-battle many times, testing the waters over and over until she can finally go further. The punishment for not being able to figure out when the designers are going to clobber you can end up being a substantial portion of the overall playtime!

I’ve played Final Fantasies I, III (Japan), III (U.S.), VII, X, Tactics Advance, and XIII. Every one of those games but the last includes the anti-pattern, the moment where the designers pull the rug out and stop all forward movement without warning. I have no reason to believe the ones I haven’t played are any different.

Final Fantasy XIII is the only one to break the mold. Every time a player reaches a new location in the game, the player’s adventuring team is ready for the challenges to be found there. At no point is the player subjected to the anti-pattern, to the designers whacking him over the head for doing exactly what he’s been doing, and getting rewarded for, all along.

One might argue by way of response that death and defeat aren’t necessarily punishments in an RPG—that they can serve to advance the story. I completely agree! The unwinnable battle is a time-tested method for introducing a villain.

However, well-designed unwinnable battles avoid setting the player back unnecessarily. They’re meant as ways to advance the plot, after all, and it’s not very satisfying if the story is moving forward but the player is stuck playing catch-up. I personally saw this happen in Skies of Arcadia, an otherwise very good game with an unwinnable battle that a friend wasted hours and lots of consumables on because it seemed like victory was just out of reach. He finally discovered that it was impossible . . . at which point he couldn’t enjoy the new plot events because had to grind for money to replenish his supplies!

Final Fantasy’s puzzle-battles aren’t well-designed unwinnable fights. They aren’t even unwindable! Instead they’re simply fights with prerequisites that aren’t clear until the battle is over. They’re traps.

Some might also take exception to the idea that grinding for levels is a punishment. That’s fair. Lots of people get invested in improving their characters’ strength, and enjoy the process of doing so.

Other people don’t, however. They accept the random battles associated with walking around in a Final Fantasy game because the fighting is leavened by story progression. Grabbing these story-focused players by the throat and imposing an unexpected requirement that they grind for hours on end before they get any more plot advancement isn’t useful.

Finally, one could suggest that these situations have become a trope of the jRPG genre, and that players expect them. It suffices to say in response that mistakes aren’t corrected by repeating them.

I like Final Fantasy games—even the ones that @#$% with me. I recognize, though, that it’s not good or desirable for them to do that. To the contrary, it’s a serious design flaw, one that the series has repeated over and over. Final Fantasy XIII is the only one without that critical weakness, and that’s a major reason why it’s the best-designed outing in the series.


3 thoughts on “Theory: Final Fantasy XIII is the Best in the Series

  1. Nice debate (: I have an (partial) counter argument to your statement:

    “Final Fantasy XIII is the best Final Fantasy, because it’s the only one that lays out its challenges in a fair, satisfying way. ”

    First and foremost, you haven’t played all the FF games, so it’s hard to make a declarative statment like this. I haven’t either, but still (:

    But more importantly, to me one of the best things about FF games is the story, sense of adventure, ability to explore, and even the character design. Personally, for me the CG was another major motivator for playing the days of VII and VIII, but that’s just me.

    The sin you mention I do consider a trope of older games, and feel it is less excusable now, but even if you assume it is an imperfection, it definitely doesn’t ruin the game and I don’t see why judging a game’s value on a single point makes any sense.

    Though you make the point this interferes with the story, and I agree to a certain extent, one can always commit the sinful action of getting a hint from someone else, to use the right random technique to beat an unfair boss. And they can continue to enjoy the story from there.

    1. I couldn’t agree with you more that many FF games have compelling characters, and that they’ve often been technically impressive as well. FFVII, in particular, is still a game I hold up as clearly the product of skilled people who loved what they were working on.

      My critique is that, specifically from a game design perspective, the series repeatedly does something that’s not just wrong, it’s blatantly wrong and thus should have been avoided. FFXIII is unique in that it doesn’t have the problem that bedevils the other games. It’s the best because it offers everything the other entries in the series do, and *also* doesn’t trip you up just to make sure you have at least one feel-bad moment along the line.

      While it’s true that I haven’t played every game in the series, I feel comfortable saying that I’ve played a representative sample. 😉 From what I’ve read of the ones I haven’t played, I believe that I’ve correctly characterized them.

      In the end, FF games are fun! I’ll cheerfully admit that. I enjoyed all of the FF games I played, and agree that they aren’t ruined by this flaw. Being fun isn’t the same as being perfect, though, and I think a lot of the FF games have a glaring imperfection. If I had to recommend one to someone, I’d recommend XIII every time.

      1. You definitely have some good points, however after reading your response I was thinking that this type of ‘unfair’ difficulty is possibility more excepted in Japanese culture. One reason is that I feel Japanese gamers are generally more ‘hardcore’, and also because I have a hard time believing a company would purposefully make this type of gameplay decision without it being intentional. After all, the game qualities are generally pretty good without that many major bugs of this sort, at least obvious ones.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s